This wing conducts Applied and Developmental research with an interdisciplinary approach incorporating theoretical perspectives from the domain of Anthropology, Sociology , Linguistics ,Economics , Statistics and History. Besides Classification of community studies are also conducted. As per act of 1996 , the Anthropological wing is designated as an expert agency and a separate vigilance cell is functioning to curb the bogus claims of the benefit of reservation policy. The reports of individual caste determination cases referred by the scrutiny committee are submitted to the government for further action. Anthropological reports by this wing to the screening committee prevents the infiltration of candidates with bogus SC/ST certificates for admission professional activities. Ethnographic studies are also conducted.
- The Research Wing conducts ethnographic studies on various communities, especially on the Scheduled Communities of the state, with a view to understand their socio-cultural dimensions as part of its Classification of community studies.
- The Wing also conducts Inclusion and Exclusion Studies of various communities
- The Wing has also completed the Base Line Survey on among the five PTG’s in Kerala.