ADIYANS (Adiyars, Adigals) are inhabitants of the Wayanad District. They are found in Edappady, Cherur, Mottonkara, Kuppathode and Mudiramula, Bavali and in the low lying lands of Thaliparamba and North Waynad Taluks. They are also to be found in Mysore State. The word ADIYAN connotes......
Tribals in Kerala (Adivasis of Kerala) are the indigenous population inhabited mostly in the forests and mountains of Western Ghats, bordering Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
According to the 2001 census of India, the Scheduled Tribes population in Kerala is 3,64,189 (lunas – 180,169 and felunas – 184,020). Wayanad has the highest number of tribals (1,36,062). Idukki- (50973) and Palakkad (39665) districts are the next two districts that make the lion portion of the native tribal people groups in the state. The Paniya (Paniyar) are the largest of the 36 major tribes.
Tribal people groups who are food-gatherers, with diminishing population and very low or little literacy rate are called as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTG). Cholanaikkans, Kurumbas, Kattunaikans, Kadars and Koragas are the five PVTGs in Kerala. They constitute nearly 5% of the total tribal population of the State. Cholanaikkans are found only in Malappuram District. Only a handful of families are living in the Mancheri hills of Nilambur forest division. Kattunaikans, another lower-hill community related to Cholanaikkans, are mainly seen in Wayanad district and some in Malappuram and Kozhikode districts. Kadar population is found in Trisur and Palakkad districts. Kurumbas are living in the Attappady Block of Palakkad district. The Koraga habitat is in the plain areas of Kasaragod district.